Glasgow and South Western Railway

Introduction

This company was formed by a merger of the Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway and the related Glasgow, Dumfries and Carlisle Railway. Further lines were to be built or purchased expanding the line to serve Greenock Princes Pier, Ardrossan Town, Largs, Paisley Canal, Lugton, Kilbarchan, Darvel, Muirkirk [2nd], Dalmellington, Girvan, Turnberry and Stranraer Harbour.



Much of the system remains open, particularly the lines closer to Glasgow which carry commuter services. One great loss is the large Glasgow St Enoch terminus, service now run to Glasgow Central.



The company is studied and history preserved by the Glasgow and South Western Railway Association .




Dates

  /  /1791Glasgow and Ardrossan Canal
Proposed by Earl of Eglinton. (The route between Elderslie and Port Eglinton was later used by the Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)).
  /  /1807Glasgow and Ardrossan Canal
Construction begins. (The route between Elderslie and Port Eglinton was later used by the Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)).
  /  /1811Glasgow and Ardrossan Canal
Last section built into Port Eglinton, Glasgow. The canal ran from Johnstone to Port Eglinton. An aqueduct across the Clyde to join up with the Forth and Clyde Canal was considered, but not built. (The route between Elderslie and Port Eglinton was later used by the Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)).
09/08/1848Darvel Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Kilmarnock to Galston opened (actually opened by the Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway rather than the G&SWR).
09/08/1848Muirkirk Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Auchinleck to Muirkirk [1st] opened. The line served the Lugar Iron Works, the Muirkirk Iron Works and various coalmines (actually opened by the Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway rather than the G&SWR).
20/05/1850Darvel Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
The branch was extended with the opening from Galston to Newmilns.
28/10/1850Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr RailwayGlasgow. Dumfries and Carlisle RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
The Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway merged with Glasgow, Dumfries and Carlisle Railway to become the Glasgow and South Western Railway.
  /  /1854Ardrossan RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
The older Ardrossan Railway was merged with the Glasgow and South Western Railway. The older line was re-gauged earlier to provide a through connection to Ardrossan Harbour.
01/08/1858Ayr and Dalmellington RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Ayr and Dalmellington Railway absorbed by Glasgow and South Western Railway.
07/11/1859Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway
Line opened, operated by the Glasgow and South Western Railway. The line was later doubled throughout.
  /  /1863Portpatrick Railway
The Caledonian Railway's Dumfries, Lochmaben and Lockerbie Railway is opened giving the company access to Dumfries. In response the Portpatrick Railway applies for running powers over the Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway to Dumfries and the Caledonian Railway negotiates running the Portpatrick Railway, a blow to the Glasgow and South Western Railway which had considered the Portpatrick line to be within its territory.
  /  /1865Kilmarnock and Troon Railway Glasgow and South Western Railway
Kilmarnock and Troon Railway merged with Glasgow and South Western Railway.
  /  /1865Castle Douglas and Dumfries RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway absorbed by Glasgow and South Western Railway. (Alternative date 1885).
  /  /1865Maybole and Girvan RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Maybole and Girvan Railway absorbed by Glasgow and South Western Railway.
  /  /1865Kirkcudbright RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Kirkcudbright Railway absorbed by Glasgow and South Western Railway.
  /  /1865Bridge of Weir RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Bridge of Weir Railway absorbed by Glasgow and South Western Railway.
01/09/1865Kirkcudbright Railway
Tarff for Gatehouse re-named Gatehouse [Tarff]. Presumably the Glasgow and South Western Railway (who now owned the Kirkcudbright Railway) was competing with the Caledonian Railway operated Portpatrick Railway for Gatehouse of Fleet traffic - for which neither of the two stations were convenient.
  /  /1866Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
Bill for the line presented with support from the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, Glasgow and South Western Railway and the North British Railway (who did not have a partner other than the North Eastern Railway route to Newcastle Central for taking traffic from the Border Union Railway (North British Railway) (Waverley Route) at Carlisle).
  /  /1869Glasgow and Kilmarnock Joint RailwayGlasgow and South Western RailwayCaledonian Railway
Glasgow and Kilmarnock Joint Railway authorised (Glasgow and South Western Railway and Caledonian Railway).
01/09/1869Greenock and Ayrshire Railway
Line opened. The Glasgow and South Western Railway run services from Glasgow Bridge Street to Greenock Princes Pier (at Greenock Albert Harbour) via Kilmacolm.
  /  /1870Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Line opened.
  /  /1871Ayr and Maybole RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Ayr and Maybole Railway absorbed by Glasgow and South Western Railway.
01/06/1871City of Glasgow Union Railway
The Glasgow and South Western Railway 'Bus trains' start running between Bellgrove and Shields Road [CGU].
  /  /1872Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Holehouse Junction to Belston Junction opened.
11/06/1872Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Annbank to Cronberry opened for goods.
01/07/1872Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Annbank to Cronberry opened for passengers.
01/08/1872Greenock and Ayrshire RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Greenock and Ayrshire Railway absorbed by Glasgow and South Western Railway.
  /  /1873Muirkirk Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Caledonian Railway line via Douglas reaches Muirkirk, anew Muirkirk [2nd] station was opened further east, on other side of road bridge from original. Caledonian Railway use the Glasgow and South Western Railway Muirkirk Shed. (Later a second Caledonian Railway line was built from Coalburn to Muirkirk [2nd] but was not used as the Glasgow and South Western Railway threatened to apply for running powers through to Lanark).
  /  /1883City of Glasgow Union Railway
Warehouses, part of College Goods, built on the junction of Bell Street and High Street for the Glasgow and South Western Railway. Approach was via a reversing loop built on the line from Gallowgate to High Street East Junction.
29/06/1883City of Glasgow Union Railway
St Enoch station and approach lines south of Bellgrove taken over by the Glasgow and South Western Railway. Lines north of Bellgrove taken over by the North British Railway.
  /  /1885Portpatrick Railway
The Caledonian Railway'a lease expires - the Portpatrick Railway and Wigtownshire Railway become jointly run as the Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Joint Railway - controlled by the Caledonian Railway, London and North Western Railway, Glasgow and South Western Railway and Midland Railway. The stock was owned by all four companies and operated by the two Scottish companies. The Joint company also owned 4/5 of the Larne and Stranraer Steamship Joint Committee, the remaining 1/5 owned by the Belfast and Northern Counties Railway.
01/07/1885Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Opened from Port Eglinton Junction to Elderslie Junction. The line uses much of the former route of the Glasgow and Ardrossan Canal, the line runs skew across an old aqueduct bridge at Paisley Hawkhead. The canal route under the main line at Elderslie was used for a link to the Bridge of Weir Railway so that Greenock Princes Pier bound trains did not have to cross the track used by Ayr to Glasgow trains. The old basin at Port Eglinton becomes the Salkeld Street Parcels depot.
01/07/1885Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Shields station opened.
  /  /1892Ayrshire and Wigtownshire RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Ayrshire and Wigtownshire Railway absorbed by Glasgow and South Western Railway.
  /  /1892Girvan and Portpatrick Junction Railway
Ayr and Wigtownshire Railway bought by the Glasgow and South Western Railway. Girvan (Old) closed and reparations made to the Girvan and Portpatrick line.
01/02/1892Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
The Caledonian Railway takes over Bridge Street station completely, paying the Glasgow and South Western Railway £129,251 for its share.
26/06/1892Ayr and Wigtownshire RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
The Girvan to Challoch Junction line absorbed by the larger company.
01/04/1893City of Glasgow Union Railway
Glasgow and South Western Railway services through the St Johns Tunnel to Gallowgate Central and on to Bridgeton begin.
25/05/1894Greenock and Ayrshire Railway
Greenock Princes Pier station re-built by the Glasgow and South Western Railway on a grander scale to compete with the Caledonian Railway's Gourock station.
  /  /1895Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Ardrossan shed [2nd] opened in the triangle of lines by Ardrossan Town.
  /  /1896City of Glasgow Union RailwayGlasgow and South Western RailwayNorth British Railway
City of Glasgow Union Railway absorbed and divided between Glasgow and South Western Railway and North British Railway.
01/06/1896Darvel Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Newmilns to Darvel opened.
16/07/1899Kilmarnock and Troon Railway
Line bought by Glasgow and South Western Railway.
  /  /1901Glasgow and Renfrew District RailwayCaledonian RailwayGlasgow and South Western Railway
Glasgow and Renfrew District Railway absorbed by Caledonian Railway and Glasgow and South Western Railway.
01/10/1902Barrhead Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Barrhead Central opened.
01/10/1902City of Glasgow Union Railway
The Glasgow and South Western Railway 'Bus trains' stop running due to tram competition.
01/03/1903Catrine Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Line opened.
17/08/1903Princes Dock Joint Railway
Joint line owned by the Caledonian Railway, Glasgow and South Western Railway and North British Railway opened.
01/03/1905Cairn Valley Light Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Line opened.
04/07/1905Darvel and Strathaven Railway
Darvel to Strathaven Central opened (joint operation of the Glasgow and South Western Railway and Caledonian Railway).
17/05/1906Maidens and Dunure Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Line opened.
01/02/1913City of Glasgow Union Railway
Glasgow and South Western Railway services from the City of Glasgow Union Railway to Bridgeton Central are withdrawn. The link between the City of Glasgow Union Railway and Glasgow City and District Railway is closed.
01/01/1917Barrhead Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Barrhead Central closed.
01/01/1923Dundee and Newtyle Railway Arbroath and Forfar Railway Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway Caledonian Railway Glasgow and South Western Railway Callander and Oban Railway Glasgow and Kilmarnock Joint Railway Highland Railway Cathcart District Railway Killin Railway Lanarkshire and Ayrshire Railway Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Joint Committee Brechin and Edzell District Railway Dornoch Light Railway Wick and Lybster Light Railway
Grouped into London, Midland and Scottish Railway.
01/12/1930Maidens and Dunure Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Turnberry to Ayr (Alloway Junction) closed to passengers.
  /  /1938Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Station opened at Mosspark for the Empire Exhibition.
02/03/1942Maidens and Dunure Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Turnberry to Girvan closed to passengers.
04/01/1943Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Annbank to Mauchline closed to passengers.
03/05/1943Catrine Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Catrine to Mauchline (Brackenhill Junction) closed to passengers.
03/05/1943Cairn Valley Light Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Moniave to Dumfries (Cairn Valley Junction) closed to passengers.
  /  /1947Maidens and Dunure Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Heads of Ayr [2nd] (Butlins Camp) to Alloway Junction re-opened for passengers.
27/01/1947Lanarkshire and Ayrshire Railway
Kilwinning East to Stevenston Moorpark closed. Boat trains diverted to the former Glasgow and South Western Railway route from 16 June.
  /  /1948Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Ardrossan Shed [2nd] coded 67D.
04/07/1949Cairn Valley Light Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Moniave to Dumfries (Cairn Valley Junction) closed to freight.
  /  /1950Barrhead Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Barrhead Central demolished.
03/04/1950Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Holehouse Junction to Rankinston to Belston Junction closed to passengers.
03/07/1950Muirkirk Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Cronberry to Auchinleck closed to passengers.
10/09/1951Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Muirkirk [2nd] to Ayr (Hawkhill Junction) closed to passengers.
28/02/1955Maidens and Dunure Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Girvan to Turnberry to Heads of Ayr [2nd] (Butlins Camp) closed to freight.
07/12/1959Maidens and Dunure Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Heads of Ayr [2nd] (Butlins Camp) to Ayr (Alloway Junction) closed to freight.
  /  /1960Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Killoch Colliery line opened from Drongan station.
07/03/1964Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Cronberry to Dykes Junction closed to freight.
06/04/1964Darvel Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Darvel to Kilmarnock (Hurlford Junction) closed to passengers.
06/07/1964Catrine Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Catrine to Mauchline (Brackenhill Junction) closed to freight.
06/07/1964Darvel Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Darvel to Hurlford (Mayfield Siding) closed to freight.
  /  /1965Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Ardrossan Shed [2nd] closed.
14/06/1965Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Annbank to Mauchline re-opened to passengers (on closure of the Port road, the former Portpatrick Railway and Dumfries and Castle Douglas Railway lines, the Stranraer to Dumfries line).
14/06/1965Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Blackhouse Junction to Hawkhill Junction re-opened for passengers. The re-opened curve was not on the original double track alignment but closer to Ayr MPD.
20/09/1965Darvel Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Hurlford (Mayfield Siding) to Hurlford (Hurlford Mineral Sidings) closed to freight.
24/01/1966Darvel Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Hurlford (Hurlford Mineral Sidings) to Hurlford Junction closed to freight.
03/04/1966Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Dykes Junction to Belston Junction closed to freight.
27/06/1966Kilbarchan Loop (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Elderslie (Cart Junction) to Dalry (Brownhill Junction) closed to passengers.
  /  /1967Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Ardrossan Shed [2nd] (already closed) signing on point closed.
01/01/1968Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Ardrossan Castlehill Junction to Parkhouse Junction closed to passengers.
16/09/1968Maidens and Dunure Railway (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Heads of Ayr [2nd] (Butlins Camp) to Ayr (Alloway Junction) closed to passengers.
10/02/1969Muirkirk Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Muirkirk [2nd] to Cronberry (excluded) closed to freight.
30/09/1969Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Ardrossan Castlehill Junction to Parkhouse Junction closed to freight.
03/02/1971Kilbarchan Loop (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Cart Junction to Kilbirnie (excluded) closed to freight.
01/10/1971Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Fairlie Pier to Fairlie Pier Junction closed to passengers.
31/07/1972Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Fairlie Pier to Fairlie Pier Junction officially closed to passengers.
01/01/1975Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Littlemill Colliery to Belston Junction closed to freight.
01/01/1975Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Belston Junction to Drongan closed to freight.
05/05/1975Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Ayr to Mauchline re-closed to passengers.
05/05/1975Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Blackhouse Junction to Hawkhill Junction closed to all traffic.
06/12/1976Muirkirk Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Cronberry to Auchinleck closed to freight.
  /  /1977Kilbarchan Loop (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Kilbirnie (excluded) to Brownhill Junction closed to freight. Kilbirnie remained served by the network around the Glengarnock Steel Works for a short while.
  /  /1979Ravenscraig Steel WorksLargs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Hunterston Ore Terminal opened with a 3500 ton crane for ore and 2500 ton crane for coal.
  /01/1979Largs Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Hunterston Ore Terminal to Ardrossan Holm Junction re-opened to freight.
08/01/1983Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Paisley Canal Line closed to passengers.
  /  /1986Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Track lifted between Elderslie East Junction and just east of Paisley Canal Street. Track singled from Paisley Canal Street to Corkerhill Depot. Line closed to freight from Elderslie East Junction to Hawkhead Oil Depot.
28/07/1990Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Paisley Canal line re-opened to passengers from Glasgow to a new Paisley Canal Street station.
18/07/1998Ayr to Mauchline Branch (Glasgow and South Western Railway)
Holehouse Junction to Broomhill Opencast reinstated and re-opened to freight.