Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)

Introduction

This railway has largely re-opened as the Borders Railway (Network Rail).

The line was an integral part of the former Waverley Route from Edinburgh to Carlisle via Galashiels and Hawick.

Originally to be built by the Edinburgh and Hawick Railway Company, the company was bought by the North British Railway before construction began and was opened as the larger company's Hawick Branch.

The line closed in 1969.

It re-opened in 2015 from Sheriffhall south to Galashiels and Tweedbank on the 6th of September.

The northern portion from Portobello East Junction to Niddrie South Junction never closed and Brunstane station opened in 2002. Newcraighall opened on a portion of the Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway at the same time. From Newcraighall a new line, the Millerhill Deviation (Network Rail) takes the line south to Sheriffhall via a new station at Shawfair.

The line is supported and promoted by the Borders Railway Community Rail Partnership .

Why built

This line was built to carry passengers, goods and livestock from the border towns of Hawick, Newtown St Boswells, Galashiels and the surrounding area to Edinburgh.

The re-opened line carries a passenger service from Tweedbank via Galashiels, where there is a transport interchange, north to Edinburgh.

Service

The re-opened line carries passengers from Tweedbank and Galashiels to Edinburgh Waverley.



Dates

  /  /1845[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Act receives Royal assent.
  /  /1845[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (as yet unbuilt) absorbed by North British Railway.
14/07/1847Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)
Portobello East Junction to Niddrie South Junction, Cairney to Millerhill, re-alignment at Sheriffhall and Dalhousie to Gorebridge opened.
01/05/1848[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Line extended from Gorebridge to Bowland.
20/04/1849[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Line opened from Bowland to Hawick.
  /10/1852[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Newstead station closed
01/07/1862[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Hawick [1st] closed to passengers on opening of the [Border Union Railway (North British Railway)].
  /  /1870[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Fountainhall station masters house built.
17/07/1871[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Auction Mart started by John Swan & Sons by the St Boswells station
14/12/1916[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
A major landslip at Ladhope Tunnel, just west of Galashiels station, blocks line.
  /  /1923[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Melrose station's timber roof removed.
  /  /1964[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Fountainhall becomes de-staffed.
06/01/1969[Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway][Marquis of Lothians Waggonway][Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)][Border Union Railway][Carlisle and Silloth Bay Railway and Dock Company]
Edinburgh (Portobello East Junction) to Hawick to Carlisle (Port Carlisle Junction) closed to passengers. Newtongrange, Gorebridge, Tynehead, Heriot, Fountainhall, Stow, Galashiels [1st], Melrose, St Boswells, Hassendean, Hawick [2nd], Stobs, Shankend, Riccarton Junction, Steele Road, Newcastleton stations closed.
28/04/1969[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Gorebridge, Lady Victoria Pit, (excluded) to Hawick [2nd] officially closed to goods.
  /  /1989Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)
Millerhill Yard Junction (by Millerhill MPD, approximate location of the former Cairnie station) to Millerhill Junction (south of the former Millerhill station) closed.
03/06/2002[Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)]
Portobello East Junction to Niddrie South Junction and Niddrie South Junction to Newcraighall re-opened to passengers with a stations at Brunstane and Newcraighall. A long reversing spur was provided south of Newcraighall from the new Newcraighall Junction.
06/09/2015Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)Millerhill Deviation (Network Rail)
Newcraighall North Junction to Tweedbank opened to passengers with stations at Shawfair, Eskbank, Newtongrange, Gorebridge, Stow, Galashiels and Tweedbank. Newcraighall Junction renamed Newcraighall South Junction.

Route described

The original line ran south from Dalhousie to Gorebridge, Galashiels, Newtown St Boswells and Hawick. As built the line was double track and the northern approach, via the Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway, was re-gauged and partly re-aligned. A short section was also opened from Portobello East Junction to Niddrie South Junction upon which the 2002 Brunstane station opened, whereas Newcraighall is on the older Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway.

Portions of line and locations

This line is divided into a number of portions.

Portobello to Niddrie

This portion opened from Portobello East Junction to Niddrie South Junction and gave new, more suitable, access to the existing Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway.

Portobello East Junction

This junction is open. The East Coast Main Line from Berwick-Upon-Tweed meets the line from Tweedbank and passenger trains run west to Edinburgh Waverley.
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Brunstane

This is a single platform station.
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Niddrie North Junction

This was the junction between the North British Railway's line from Portobello East Junction to Niddrie South Junction and an isolated curve of the Edinburgh, Suburban and Southside Junction Railway from Niddrie West Junction which enabled trains from the southside line to...

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Niddrie Junction [2nd]

This was the second Niddrie station, shown on contemporary OS maps as Niddry Junction.
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Millerhill to Sherriffhall

The Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway was re-aligned from just north of Cairney south to Millerhill and regained the old alignment just south of Sherriffhall [2nd] .

Millerhill

This was a two platform station just north of the 1874 Millerhill Junction for the Edinburgh, Loanhead and Roslin Railway. It was built on the new alignment of the Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway) which replaced the Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway's original...

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Sheriffhall [2nd]

This short lived station replaced Sheriffhall [1st]. It was probably located to the south side of the A6106 overbridge and opened with the Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway).
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Dalhousie to Hawick

The bulk of the line ran from just north of the South Esk terminus south to Hawick [1st].

Dalhousie

This intermediary two platform station replaced the South Esk terminus of the Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway when it was realigned and re-gauged as a railway.
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Newbattle Viaduct

This is a double track twenty three arch viaduct over the River Esk.
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Newtongrange [1st]

This was a two platform station. It was north of the new Newtongrange station and south of the Newbattle Viaduct. It replaced Dalhousie station which was located to the north of the viaduct. The relocation was due to the mining village becoming established at Newtongrange and the...

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Newtongrange

This is a single platform station to the south of the original Newtongrange [1st] station.
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Gore Glen Bridge

This concrete viaduct crosses the A7 on an oblique not far west of Gorebridge station.
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Gorebridge

This is a single platform station on the Borders Railway. The original station building remains standing. The platform occupies roughly the location of the original northbound platform.
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Fushiebridge Junction

This 'junction' is really the northern end of the Fushiebridge - Tynehead loop. It is located roughly on the site of a tunnel, just south of Gorebridge station which was opened out....

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Fushiebridge

This was a two platform station.
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Fushiebridge [1st]

The first station site at Fushiebridge was the site of the later goods yard - it was re-located north of the road overbridge....

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Borthwick Bank Signal Box

This signal box broke the section between Fushiebridge station and Tynehead station. The box was located on the Borthwick Bank.
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Tynehead

This was a two platform station located in a deep cutting. The street level building remains here, in use as a house.
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Falahill Summit

A weigh station was opened at Falahill with the line. Banking to Falahill Summit was common. The location had up and down loops and sidings. There was a water tank and signal box on the east side.
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Heriot

This was a two platform station with staggered platforms, one on either side of a level crossing.
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Fountainhall

This was a two platform station with a bay platform for the Lauder Light Railway.
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Stow

This is a two platform station re-opened on the site of the original. The station building remains standing here, waiting for a new use.
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Bowland

Bowland was a two platform station. This was briefly the southern terminus of the line before it was extended south.
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Galashiels

The new Galashiels station has a single platform on a single track line.
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Galashiels [1st]

This was a three platform through station, originally covered with a large timber overall roof which was later replaced with platform canopies.
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Galashiels Goods

The goods yard was south of Galashiels [1st] station and on the west side of the line. Approach was from the south east.
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Galashiels Shed

This shed was established in 1903, supplementing a turntable which was located at the north end of Galashiels [1st] station, west side.
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Selkirk Junction

This junction faced Galashiels. Here the single track Selkirk branch, after crossing a viaduct, met the Waverley Route. The branch doubled just before the junction.
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Redbridge Viaduct

This was built as a double track five arch viaduct. At present it carries one track and a footpath, the Southern Upland Way . The railway track is on the north side, path on the south.
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Tweedbank

This is a terminus with two platforms on either side of an island and a large carpark. It is just north of A6091. The station is in the eastern extremity of Galashiels, being separated from the town by the River Tweed, and is just over a mile west of Melrose.
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Darnick Siding

These sidings were approached by reversal from the southbound line.
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Melrose

This was a two platform station. It had a large wooden roof over both platforms. The southbound (up) platform and building still stand. The trackbed is now occupied by the A6091.
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Newstead [Melrose]

This was a short lived station to the east of Melrose.
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Ravenswood Junction

This was the junction between the Edinburgh and Hawick Railway of 1849 and the Berwickshire Railway of 1865.
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St Boswells

This station was located in Newtown St Boswells, thus its original name, but was renamed for the larger nearby town.
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St Boswells Shed [2nd]

A small single line shed existed to the north of St Boswells station, this was replaced, probably in anticipation of the opening of the Berwickshire Railway, with a larger two road shed at the south end in 1863. This shed lasted until 1959.
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Kelso Junction

This junction was south of St Boswells station, where there was a bay platform for branch trains, and was formed between the Edinburgh and Hawick Railway (North British Railway)] (1849) and the Kelso Branch (North British Railway) (1850).
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Charlesfield Halt

This was a two timber platform halt built in connection with the nearby Charlesfield Munitions Factory. Platforms were to the south of the tall bridge over the roadway. Oddly the southbound platform was longer than the northbound.
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Greenend Siding

This siding was south of Greenend Farm. The siding was on the east side of the line and reached by reversing. There was a signal box.
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Ale Water Viaduct

This out of use double track viaduct is north of the former Belses station.
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Belses

This was a two platform station.
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Standhill Siding

Standhill Siding was a pair of sidings just south of Standhill Farm. The sidings were approached by reversal from the southbound line and were on the east side of the line.
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Hassendean

This station probably opened in 1850, the year after the line opened.
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Hawick North Signal Box

This signal box controlled the northern approach to Hawick [2nd] station and yard, much of which was built on the site of Hawick [1st].
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Hawick Shed

Hawick Shed opened with the line from Edinburgh. It remained on the same site until closure. It was to the immediate north of Hawick [1st] station, the original terminus, which was to become the site of the goods shed when the line was extended south through Hawick [2nd] in 1862. Further...

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Hawick [1st]

When built, this terminus was opened next to the north bridge over the River Teviot, a little way from the town centre.
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