London, Midland and Scottish Railway
This company was created in 1923 during
"The grouping". Following the First World War many of Britain's
railway companies (of which there were many) were close to bankruptcy.
Four large companies were created (London, Midland and Scottish Railway,
London and North Eastern Railway, Great Western Railway and the Southern
Railway) which, it was expected, would be better managed and more profitable
- there was still an element of competition as many towns and cities were
served by two or more of these large companies.
In Scotland the following major companies were
and South Western Railway
In England the following major companies were
and North Western Railway
Besides these many other companies were merged
into what became known as the LMS.
The LMS re-organised the management of the
companies into a single management structure which was a difficult slow but
ultimately rewarding process. The combined company was managed from London.
The geographical nature of the lines led to some areas which had no competition
but multiple lines owned by the LMS. Examples include the Clyde Coast, Ayrshire
and approaches to the South of Carlisle. In Ayrshire the led to the run-down
of the Caledonian
and Ayrshire Railway in preference to the former Glasgow and
South Western Railway.
In 1948 the four large companies were merged
to form British Railways - a nationalised
Page created on 19/01/1998
Page last edited on: 24/03/2012
Contact: Ewan Crawford