North Eastern Railway

Introduction

The North Eastern Railway was formed by an amalgamation of smaller concerns in 1854; the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway, York and North Midland Railway and the Leeds Northern Railway. Its headquarters were located in York.

Its route from Berwick to Newcastle Central, Darlington, York and Doncaster became part of the East Coast Main Line. To the north this connected to the North British Railway (over which the North Eastern had running powers as far as Edinburgh Waverley in exchange for the North British having running powers from their Border Counties Railway junction at Hexham to Newcastle Central along the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway). To the south the line connected to the Great Northern Railway and the Midland Railway.

Besides this main route the company owned many other lines. There was also one line in Scotland; from Sprouston to Kelso on the Tweedsmouth to Kelso line.

The company was a 18.75% shareholder in the Forth Bridge Railway.

In 1923 the company was grouped into the London and North Eastern Railway.



Dates

  /  /1853West Hartlepool Harbour and Railway
Diverts trains from Stockton station on the North Shore Branch (North Eastern Railway) to Stockton North station on the Leeds and Thirsk Railway. (The company controlled the former Clarence Railway and Stockton and Hartlepool Railway).
  /  /1854[York and North Midland Railway]
Malton and Driffield Railway
[York Newcastle and Berwick Railway]
[Leeds and Thirsk Railway]
West Hartlepool Harbour and Railways
[North Eastern Railway]
Companies merge to form the North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1855Durham and Sunderland Railway Hartlepool Dock and Railway
Following a North Eastern Railway study of Sunderland to Hartlepool services a connection at Haswell, alterations at Seaton and Murton and a new staton for Sunderland are recommended.
  /  /1856Aberdeen RailwayScottish Midland Junction RailwayScottish North Eastern Railway
The Aberdeen Railway merged with Scottish Midland Junction Railway to become Scottish North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1857Dearness Valley Railway
Bought by North Eastern Railway.
23/07/1858Rosedale Branch (North Yorkshire and Cleveland Railway)
An Act for the extension of the line to Rosedale. The Ingleby Mining Company's line had been bought by the North Yorkshire and Cleveland Railway, which itself was to be purchased by the North Eastern Railway shortly afterwards.
  /  /1862Team Valley Railway ([North Eastern Railway])
Act for a line between Gateshead and Bishop Auckland Branch north of Durham.
17/07/1862[Newcastle and Carlisle Railway]
[North Eastern Railway]
Newcastle and Carlisle Railway merges with the North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1863[Dundee and Arbroath Railway]
[Scottish North Eastern Railway]
Dundee and Arbroath Railway absorbed by Scottish North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1863Stockton and Darlington RailwayNorth Eastern Railway
Stockton and Darlington Railway absorbed by the North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1864Perth Almond Valley and Methven RailwayScottish North Eastern Railway
Perth, Almond Valley and Methven Railway absorbed by the Scottish North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1864Newbottle Waggonway
[North Eastern Railway] makes agreement with Lambton Waggonway for access to staiths at Sunderland over the line between Cox Green and Sunderland.
23/06/1864Denburn Valley Line (Great North of Scotland Railway)
Denburn Valley line to connect the Great North of Scotland Railway at Kittybrewster [2nd] to the Scottish North Eastern Railway at [[Aberdeen Guild Street] authorised.
  /  /1865Carmyllie Railway
Built by Earl of Dalhousie for slate and paving stones, operated by the Scottish North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1865West Hartlepool Harbour and Railway Company
Merged into North Eastern Railway.
19/06/1865Relly Mill to Ferryhill ([North Eastern Railway])
Act for a line between Relly Mill Junction, south of Durham, to Tursdale Junction, north of Ferryhill, passed.
  /  /1866[Scottish North Eastern Railway]
[Caledonian Railway]
Scottish North Eastern Railway absorbed by Caledonian Railway.
  /  /1866Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
Bill for the line presented with support from the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, Glasgow and South Western Railway and the North British Railway (who did not have a partner other than the North Eastern Railway route to Newcastle Central for taking traffic from the Border Union Railway (North British Railway) (Waverley Route) at Carlisle).
  /  /1867[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
Line opened from Scotswood (Scotswood Bridge Junction) to Consett Original (replaced by Benfieldside further north).
  /  /1868Team Valley Line ([North Eastern Railway])
Construction begins of line between Durham and Gateshead
  /  /1868Doncaster to York (North Eastern Railway)
Construction begins of line to connect to the Great Northern Railway.
01/12/1868Team Valley Railway ([North Eastern Railway])
Line opened.
  /  /1871Team Valley Line ([North Eastern Railway])
Line opened
  /  /1871Doncaster to York ([North Eastern Railway])
Line opened
  /  /1871Sunderland, West Hartlepool and Middlesbrough Railway
Two similar independent lines were proposed in response to the North Eastern Railway's Wellfield to Stockton route.
  /  /1872[Hull and Selby Railway]
[North Eastern Railway]
Hull and Selby Railway absorbed by the North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1872[North Eastern Railway]
Bowesfield Junction, Stockton, to Wellfield line authorised.
15/01/1872Relly Mill to Ferryhill ([North Eastern Railway])
Line opened.
  /  /1874Blyth and Tyne Railway North Eastern Railway
Line absorbed by the North Eastern Railway to stop the North British Railway from acquiring the line and developing an independent route into Newcastle, with its own terminus.
01/05/1877[North Eastern Railway]
Bowesfield Juncton to Carlton (later Redmarshall) South Junction to Carlton West opened. Later used by electrified Shildon to Newport services. Route never opened to regular passenger services.
  /10/1878Hawes Branch (North Eastern Railway)
Opened for passengers to meet the Hawes Branch (Midland Railway) over which the North Eastern Railway had running powers to Hawes Junction (now Garsdale). Built as a single track line.
  /  /1879Sunderland Station ([North Eastern Railway])
New line from Ryhope Grange Junction to new Sunderland central station and from Fawcett Street opened. Hendon and Fawcett Street stations closed. Line extended north to cross the River Wear to connect at Monkwearmouth. New station had two island platforms with arched overall roof destroyed in World War II.
  /  /1880[Carmyllie Railway]
[Scottish North Eastern Railway]
Carmyllie Railway absorbed by Scottish North Eastern Railway.
01/03/1880[North Eastern Railway]
Carlton South Junction to Wellfield, and east to north curve at Carlton opened.
  /  /1882[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
Benfieldside renamed Consett.
  /  /1883Hylton, Southwick and Monkwearmouth Railway
Purchased by North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1885[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
Consett renamed Consett and Blackhill.
16/07/1885Scarborough and Whitby Railway
Line opened, operated by the North Eastern Railway from the outset.
  /09/1887[Cornhill Branch] ([North Eastern Railway])
Cornhill Branch (Alnwick to Coldstream) opened September 1887 by North Eastern Railway, Alnwick station re-built.
31/07/1893[North Eastern Railway]
Act passed for Hart to Dalton-le-Dale (Seaham) line to improve coastal route. Also included are improvements to the Londonderry Railway.
  /  /1898Scarborough and Whitby Railway
Line purchased by the North Eastern Railway for £261,633.
  /  /1900Londonderry Railway
[North Eastern Railway]
Line absorbed by the North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1900Cawood Wiston Railway
[North Eastern Railway]
Line absorbed by the North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1900Queen Alexandra Bridge
Proposed by the North Eastern Railway and Sunderland Corporation this double decked bridge (road and rail decks) would link Diamond Hall Junction and Castleton Junction.
30/07/1900Londonderry Railway
Sold to North Eastern Railway. Stock, coal wagons, colliery lines and Seaham Harbour pass to the Seaham Harbour Dock Company (not later merged into the National Coal Board). Hall Dene station remains in Lord Seaham's ownership. Bath Hotel (Hendon) and Station Hotel (Seaham) were excluded.
06/10/1900Londonderry Railway
[North Eastern Railway] starts to work line.
  /  /1901[North Eastern Railway]
Carlton curve installed to Leeds Northern route between Eaglescliffe and Stockton. Plan to open route to Wellfield as secondary mainline.
  /  /1902[North Eastern Railway]
Carlton curve for Leeds Northern route between Eaglescliffe and Stockton lifted. Route only used briefly for express goods traffic due to pressure from Stockton and West Hartepool oth of which were bypassed.
  /  /1903North Eastern RailwayNorth Blyth Branch (Blyth and Tyne Railway)
The North Eastern Railway introduces 40 ton wagons to run between the Ashington Colliery and North Blyth Staithes served by the North Blyth Branch (Blyth and Tyne Railway).
01/04/1905[North Eastern Railway]
Seaham to Hart line opened.
  /  /1906[North Eastern Railway]
King Edward VII Bridge over the Tyne opened. This new bridge saved East Coast Main Line trains from having to reverse at Newcastle.
16/06/1912[London and North Eastern Railway]
Imperial Airways
Race between Imperial Airways biplane The City of Glasgow and the Flying Scotsman won by the airplane.
  /  /1915[North Eastern Railway]
Bowesfield Juncton to Carlton (later Redmarshall) South Junction to Carlton West electrified for Shildon to Newport services.
  /  /1921Queen Alexandra Bridge
Falls out of use by the London and North Eastern Railway. Remains open for road traffic and later the railway deck would be removed.
19/08/1921Railways Act
Act passed to create London Midland and Scottish Railway, London and North Eastern Railway, Great Western Railway and Southern Railway by grouping smaller companies into bigger units. This was due to financial problems the railway companies were having in the aftermath of the First World War.
  /  /1922Hull and Barnsley Railway
[North Eastern Railway]
Line absorbed by the North Eastern Railway.
01/01/1923North British Railway Edinburgh and Bathgate Railway Great North of Scotland Railway Forth and Clyde Junction Railway Kilsyth and Bonnybridge Railway Gifford and Garvald Railway Newburgh and North Fife Railway Lauder Light Railway Great Central Railway
Grouped into London and North Eastern Railway.
01/01/1923Dundee and Arbroath Railway Dumbarton and Balloch Joint Line
Jointly owned by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway and the London and North Eastern Railway.
01/01/1923The Great North of England, Clarence and Hartlepool Junction Railway
Merged into the London and North Eastern Railway. Previously leased by the North Eastern Railway.
  /  /1924Londonderry Railway
[London and North Eastern Railway] approaches Lord Seaham to close Hall Dene station. This is agreed if Seaham Colliery station be renamed Seaham and Marlborough Street station be renamed Seaham Harbour.
  /09/1930[Cornhill Branch] ([North Eastern Railway])
Closed to passengers.
02/11/1931[North Eastern Railway]
Carlton to Wellfield closed to passengers.
  /  /1934Railway Air Services
[London Midland and Scottish Railway]
[London and North Eastern Railway]
[Great Western Railway]
[Southern Railway]
Imperial Airways
Railway Air Services formed by the LMS, LNER, GWR, SR and Imperial Airways. Airport opened at Renfrew
  /  /1942[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
High Westwood closed.
01/01/1948[British Railways]
[Forth Bridge Railway]
[London Midland and Scottish Railway]
[London and North Eastern Railway]
Britains railways are nationalised.
  /  /1953[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
Shotley Bridge, Ebchester, Lintz Green, Swalwell closed to passengers.
  /  /1954[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
Rowlands Gill closed
  /04/1954[Bedale Branch] ([York Newcastle and Berwick Railway])
[Bedale and Leyburn Railway]
[Hawes Branch NER] ([North Eastern Railway])
Closed to passengers.
  /  /1955[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
Blackhill closed.
  /  /1963[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
Blackhill to Blaydon South Junction closed.
  /  /1964[Hawes Branch NER] ([North Eastern Railway])
Redmire to Hawes closed.
15/06/1964[Kelso Branch NER] ([North Eastern Railway])
Kelso to Tweedsmouth closed to passengers. Alternative date 4/7/1955.
  /  /1965Sunderland Station ([North Eastern Railway])
Station re-built and reduced to one island platform.
29/03/1965[Kelso Branch NER] ([North Eastern Railway])
Kelso to Tweedsmouth closed to freight
  /  /1982[Lanchester Railway Extension] ([North Eastern Railway])
Consett (Old) to Blackhill closed to freight.
  /  /1992[Bedale Branch] ([York Newcastle and Berwick Railway])
[Bedale and Leyburn Railway]
[Hawes Branch NER] ([North Eastern Railway])
Northallerton to Redmire closed to Limestone traffic from Redmire. Line mothballed.
  /  /1996[Bedale Branch] ([York Newcastle and Berwick Railway])
[Bedale and Leyburn Railway]
[Hawes Branch NER] ([North Eastern Railway])
Line re-opened to Redmire for military traffic to Catterick Camp.
17/10/2000Great North Eastern Railway
GNER London to Leeds train de-rails and crashes at Hatfield, killing 4 people, when the railway track breaks due to gauge corner cracking. The fault in the track was known, but had not been corrected.
28/02/2001Great North Eastern Railway
GNER York to London train crashes into a Landrover and trailer carrying a car (which had fallen from the M62), then de-rails and hits a Freightliner train at Great Heck near Selby