Great Northern Railway


This line is open. The line runs from London to Doncaster. Much of the route via Boston and Lincoln has now closed, but the newer route through Grantham is still open. The line forms the southern portion of the East Coast Main Line. A short cut was opened between Doncaster and Peterborough shortly after the original line was opened. This line broke the London and Birmingham Railway and later the London and North Western Railway's monopoly on the railways running north from London. The original approach to York and the north east of England was via the London and Birmingham Railway, the [Midland Counties Railway]], the North Midland Railway and finally the York and North Midland Railway. The Great Northern Railway broke this monopoly with its line from Doncaster (near York) to London Kings Cross. The company connected to the railways in York and the North East by using a section of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway to reach Knottingley on the York and North Midland Railway (which later became part of the North Eastern Railway). The company owned 18.75 % of the Forth Bridge Railway. The company was grouped into the London and North Eastern Railway in 1923. The company used the route of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway to reach Doncaster originally.


  /  /1846Great Northern Railway
London and York Railway incorporated.
  /  /1846Great Northern Railway
Great Northern Railway formed by a fusion of the London and York Railway and the Direct Northern Railway.
  /  /1848Great Northern Railway
Louth to Grimsby opened. Stations at: Grimsby, Waltham, Holton Village Halt, Holton Le Clay, North Thoresby, Ludborough, Utterby Halt, Fotherby Halt, Louth.
  /  /1848East Lincolnshire Railway
Leased by the Great Northern Railway.
  /  /1849Great Northern Railway
Peterborough to Doncaster via Lincoln and Boston opened.
  /  /1850Great Northern Railway
Peterborough to Maiden Lane, London, opened.
  /  /1850Great Northern Railway
Doncaster to York via Askern (immediately north-west of Doncaster on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway) opened. GNR uses L&Y line from 4 miles north of Doncaster to Knottingley.
07/08/1850Great Northern Railway
Opened throughout. Route: London Maiden Lane (temporary terminus) to Boston to Lincoln (not via Peterborough to Retford) to Knottingley on North Midland Railway and not York itself.
31/12/1850Railway Clearing House
By this date, Ardrossan Railway, Caledonian Railway, Cockermouth and Workington Railway, Eastern Counties Railway, East Lincolnshire Railway, Fleetwood, Preston and West Riding Junction Railway, Glasgow, Dumfries and Carlisle Railway, Great Northern Railway, Huddersfield and Manchester Railway (London and North Western Railway), Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway, Maryport and Carlisle Railway, North British Railway, Preston and Wyre Railway, Dock and Harbour, Shrewsbury and Chester Railway, South Staffordshire Railway, Stockton and Darlington Railway, Stockton and Hartlepool Railway, St Helens and Runcorn Gap Railway, Stirling and Dunfermline Railway, Whitehaven Junction Railway and York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway join.
  /  /1852Great Northern Railway
Kings Cross opened (Maiden Lane closed).
  /  /1853Great Northern Railway
Doncaster Works opened.
  /  /1853Great Northern Railway
Peterborough to Grantham to Retford line opened. Stations at: Rossington, Bawtry, Ranskill, Barnby Moor and Sutton, Retford, Tuxford North, Crow Park, Carlton-on-Trent, Newark, Claypole, Hougham, Barkston, Grantham, Great Ponton, Corby Glen, Little Bytham, Essendine, Tallington.
  /  /1858Great Northern Railway
Midland Railway start to make use of the line from Hitchin to London Kings Cross.
  /  /1861Ambergate, Nottingham, Boston and East Junction Railway
Leased by the Great Northern Railway.
  /  /1865Leeds, Bradford and Halifax Junction Railway
Amalgamated with the Great Northern Railway.
  /  /1866Royston and Hitchin Railway
To Great Northern Railway.
  /  /1868Doncaster to York (North Eastern Railway)
Construction begins of line to connect to the Great Northern Railway.
  /  /1881Stafford and Uttoxeter Railway
Purchased by the Great Northern Railway.
01/11/1885Great Northern Railway
Abbotts Ripton opened.
  /  /1893Stamford and Essendine Railway
Leased by the Great Northern Railway.
  /  /1938Great Northern Railway
Abbotts Ripton renamed from Abbots Ripton.
16/03/1951Great Northern Railway
14 are killed when a York to London King's Cross express derails at Doncaster on badly a maintained crossover.
15/09/1958Great Northern Railway
Abbots Ripton closed.