Midland Railway






Dates

  /  /1836York and North Midland Railway
Company incorporated.
  /  /1839York and North Midland Railway
Line opened.
05/10/1840Manchester and Leeds Railway
Normanton to Hebden Bridge opened, worked by the North Midland Railway.
10/05/1844Midland Counties RailwayBirmingham and Derby Junction RailwayNorth Midland RailwayMidland Railway
George Hudson encourages the Midland Counties Railway, Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway and North Midland Railway to merge to become the Midland Railway.
  /  /1845York and Scarborough Line (York and North Midland Railway)
Opened from York to Scarborough.
12/05/1845Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway (Great Western Railway)
Kemble Junction to Gloucester (Standish Junction) opened. Stations on this section at: Chalford, St Marys Crossing Halt, Brimscombe, Brimscombe Bridge Halt, Ham Mill Crossing Halt, Bowbridge Crossing Halt, Stroud, Downfield Crossing Halt, Caches Green Halt, Ebley Crossing Halt, Stonehouse and Gloucester. Standish Junction to Gloucester was owned by the Midland Railway.
21/07/1845York and North Midland Railway
Act for a branch from Church Fenton to Harrogate via Wetherby.
  /  /1847Harrogate Branch (York and North Midland Railway)
Opened from Church Fenton to Spofforth.
23/10/1847Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway (Great Western Railway)
Broad Gauge line from Gloucester, Tramway Junction, to Cheltenham, Lansdown Junction, opened. Stations on this section at: Churchdown and Cheltenham. Gloucester to Cheltenham owned by the Birmingham and Gloucester Railway later owned by the Midland Railway.
  /  /1848Harrogate Branch (York and North Midland Railway)
Line extended from Spofforth to Harrogate (Brunswick).
07/08/1850Great Northern Railway]
Opened throughout. Route: London Kings Cross to Boston to Lincoln (not via Peterborough to Retford) to Knottingley on North Midland Railway and not York itself.
01/03/1852Midland Railway
Worcester Junction renamed Abbots Wood Junction.
  /06/1852North Western Railway
Line worked by Midland Railway.
  /  /1854York and North Midland Railway
Malton and Driffield Railway
York Newcastle and Berwick Railway
Leeds and Thirsk Railway
West Hartlepool Harbour and Railways
North Eastern Railway
Companies merge to form the North Eastern Railway.
01/10/1855Midland Railway
Abbots Wood Junction closed.
  /  /1858Great Northern Railway
Midland Railway start to make use of the line from Hitchin to London Kings Cross.
  /  /1859North Western Railway
Line leased by Midland Railway.
  /  /1860West Midland Railway Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway Worcester and Hereford Railway
Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway, Oxford Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway and Worcester and Hereford Railway merge to form the West Midland Railway.
  /  /1861Coleford Monmouth Usk and Pontypool Railway, West Midland Railway
Coleford, Monmouth, Usk and Pontypool Railway leased by the West Midland Railway.
  /  /1862Harrogate Branch (York and North Midland Railway)
Harrogate (Brunswick) closed
01/03/1862~West Midland Railway
Addlestrop and Stow Road renamed Addlestrop.
01/07/1862Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway
Leased jointly by the London and North Western Railway, West Midland Railway and Great Western Railway.
  /  /1863Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway
West Midland Railway builds platforms north of the south facing junction with the Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway.
13/07/1863West Midland Railway, Great Western Railway
West Midland Railway merged with Great Western Railway.
  /  /1865Cheshire Lines CommitteeMidland Railway,Great Northern Railway,Manchester Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway)
Incorporated.
  /  /1866Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
Bill for the line presented with support from the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, Glasgow and South Western Railway and the North British Railway (who did not have a partner other than the North Eastern Railway route to Newcastle Central for taking traffic from the Border Union Railway (North British Railway) (Waverley Route) at Carlisle).
16/07/1866Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
Act passed.
  /  /1868Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
An agreement with the London and North Western Railway is reached over use of the Ingleton Branch (Lancaster and Carlisle Railway) and Lancaster and Carlisle Railway by the Midland Railway. The route would involve the North Western Railway. The Midland Railway tries to abandon the Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway). The North British Railway and the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway block the abandonment.
01/10/1869Hereford, Hay and Brecon Railway
Worked by the Midland Railway.
01/02/1870Midland Railway
Abbey Houses opened.
01/04/1870Midland Railway
Abbey Houses renamed Beauchief.
  /  /1873Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
Line planned to be open, but was not due to heavy engineering required.
  /07/1873Midland Railway
Through coaches run from Brecon (Free Street) and Birmingham.
  /  /1874Hereford, Hay and Brecon Railway
Leased by the Midland Railway.
01/07/1874Swansea Vale Railway
Leased by the Midland Railway. This gave the Midland Railway access to Swansea via Brecon.
  /  /1875Somerset and Dorset Railway
London and South Western Railway and Midland Railway take control of the line.
02/08/1875Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
First goods train.
01/05/1876Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
First passenger train.
11/08/1876Swansea Vale Railway
Bought by the Midland Railway.
17/10/1876City of Glasgow Union Railway
Glasgow St Enoch opened. Through service from London St Pancras via the Midland Railway starts.
02/07/1877Neath and Brecon Railway
Midland Railway starts to operate line from Brecon to Ynysgeinon.
  /  /1878Hawes Branch MR (Midland Railway)
Opened from Hawes Junction (now Garsdale) to Hawes
  /10/1878Hawes Branch (North Eastern Railway)
Opened for passengers to meet the Hawes Branch (Midland Railway) over which the North Eastern Railway had running powers to Hawes Junction (now Garsdale). Built as a single track line.
  /02/1880Nottingham and Melton Line (Midland Railway)
Opened to local passenger trains.
  /  /1885Hereford, Hay and Brecon Railway
Merged into the Midland Railway].
  /  /1885Portpatrick Railway
The Caledonian Railway's lease expires - the Portpatrick Railway and Wigtownshire Railway become jointly run as the Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Joint Railway - controlled by the Caledonian Railway, London and North Western Railway, Glasgow and South Western Railway and Midland Railway. The stock was owned by all four companies and operated by the two Scottish companies. The Joint company also owned 4/5 of the Larne and Stranraer Steamship Joint Committee, the remaining 1/5 owned by the Belfast and Northern Counties Railway.
  /02/1885Nottingham and Melton Line (Midland Railway)
Holwell Branch brought into use.
16/05/1888Midland Railway
Addingham opened.
  /07/1888Nottingham and Melton Line (Midland Railway)
London St Pancras - Glasgow St Enoch and Edinburgh Waverley trains start to use line.
01/07/1888~West Midland Railway
Addlestop renamed Adlestrop.
30/06/1889Swansea Vale and Neath and Brecon Junction Railway
Midland Railway ceases to operate Colbren to Ynysgeinon at end of agreement.
22/07/1889Swansea Vale and Neath and Brecon Junction Railway
Midland Railway re-operates Colbren to Ynysgeinon after Sir Edward Watkin takes the company to court.
  /  /1952Avenue Coking Works (Chesterfield)
New coking works built to the south of Chesterfield beside the North Midland Railway. This site formerly had a colliery and iron works, mostly closed but 1938.
04/06/1953~West Midland Railway
Addlestrop and Stow Road opened.
  /  /1959Hawes Branch (Midland Railway)
Hawes to Garsdale closed.
  /  /1961Harrogate Branch (York and North Midland Railway)
Wetherby West Junction to Wetherby East Junction closed
  /  /1964Harrogate Branch (York and North Midland Railway)
Crimple Junction (Harrogate) to Wetherby closed
22/03/1965Midland Railway
Addingham closed.
  /  /1966Harrogate Branch (York and North Midland Railway)
Wetherby to Church Fenton closed
03/01/1966~West Midland Railway
Adlestrop closed.
29/04/1967Nottingham and Melton Line (Midland Railway)
Line closed to passenger expresses. It was latterly used by express trains until the WCML was upgraded.
01/11/1968Nottingham and Melton Line (Midland Railway)
Last freight train.
04/11/1968Nottingham and Melton Line (Midland Railway)
Closed as through route. The line was then developed as a test track and was host to trains such as the APT and Pendolinos as well as the famous test crash of a train into a nuclear flask.
31/01/1995Settle and Carlisle Line (Midland Railway)
A guard killed and 40 injured in an accident at Aisgill.
14/11/2005Nottingham and Melton Line (Midland Railway)
Neither Network Rail nor the Government express any interest in taking over the now redundant test track.