This company was created in 1923 following the Great War, in a merging of British railway companies known as the 'grouping'.
In Scotland it consisted of;
North British Railway
Great North of Scotland Railway
In England it consisted of at least;
North Eastern Railway
Great Northern Railway
Great Central Railway
Great Eastern Railway
The new company was managed at local level; for example managers of the former North British Railway became mangers of the routes of the NBR within Scotland and the routes of the GNSR. Managers of the NER became managers of the railways of the north east of England of both the NBR and NER. Other areas were similarly controlled as before. There was an overall management layer and co-ordination of designing and building new engines.
In England the line owned the routes running up the east coast from London, including the route now known as the East Coast Main Line. In Scotland lines approached Edinburgh from Carlisle in the west and Berwick in the east. The naming of the company was not particularly appropriate; entirely failing to mention Scotland and the company owned the former Mallaig Extension Railway which has the westernmost station in Britain, Arisaig, on its route. The company also owned many stations and lines in Glasgow which is in the west of the country.
The company had a number of alternative slang names such as the 'Late and Never Early' Railway.
The company was nationalised in 1948 and became part of British Railways.
|16/06/1912||London and North Eastern Railway|
Race between Imperial Airways biplane The City of Glasgow and the Flying Scotsman won by the airplane.
|/ /1921||Queen Alexandra Bridge|
Falls out of use by the London and North Eastern Railway. Remains open for road traffic and later the railway deck would be removed.
Act passed to create London Midland and Scottish Railway, London and North Eastern Railway, Great Western Railway and Southern Railway by grouping smaller companies into bigger units. This was due to financial problems the railway companies were having in the aftermath of the First World War.
|01/01/1923||North British Railway
Edinburgh and Bathgate Railway
Great North of Scotland Railway
Forth and Clyde Junction Railway
Kilsyth and Bonnybridge Railway
Gifford and Garvald Railway
Newburgh and North Fife Railway
Lauder Light Railway
Great Central Railway|
Grouped into London and North Eastern Railway.
|01/01/1923||Dundee and Arbroath Railway
Dumbarton and Balloch Joint Line|
Jointly owned by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway and the London and North Eastern Railway.
|01/01/1923||The Great North of England, Clarence and Hartlepool Junction Railway|
Merged into the London and North Eastern Railway. Previously leased by the North Eastern Railway.
|/ /1924||Londonderry Railway|
London and North Eastern Railway approaches Lord Seaham to close Hall Dene station. This is agreed if Seaham Colliery station be renamed Seaham and Marlborough Street station be renamed Seaham Harbour.
|/ /1934||Railway Air Services|
London Midland and Scottish Railway
London and North Eastern Railway
Great Western Railway
Railway Air Services formed by the LMS, LNER, GWR, SR and Imperial Airways. Airport opened at Renfrew
|01/01/1948||British RailwaysForth Bridge RailwayLondon, Midland and Scottish RailwayLondon and North Eastern Railway|
Britains railways are nationalised.