Bridge Street

Location type

Station

Name and dates

Bridge Street (1840-1905)

Opened on the Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway.

Description

This was a large terminus in Glasgow on the South bank of the River Clyde. No part of the original station remains but portions of its later extension remain on Bridge Street. It was replaced by Glasgow Central, just to the north over the River Clyde.

It began as the first conventional passenger station in Glasgow.

Initially the terminus of the lines from Paisley, Kilmarnock, Ayr and Greenock it grew as branches were added to those lines and further lines were promoted to it to become a large station.

The terminus was opened by the Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway, jointly owned by that company and the Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway and the Glasgow, Paisley and Greenock Railway.

There was a short lived timber station. This was replaced with a permanent station in 1841. To bring the station closer to the river required purchase and demolition of buildings and a number of bridges. The station was above street level. On the west side the station had two arrival platforms and one departure platform on the east side. There was a trainshed over the terminus.

To the east again was the Station House - with ticket offices (one for the Greenock company and one for the Ayr company). The frontage onto Bridge Street had a noted portico with a pediment above four columns was by James Collie.

There was a second entrance from Clyde Place, to the north of the station and just south of Clyde Place Quay on the south bank of the river Clyde.

A goods station, with stall sidings approached by turnplates was added on the west side in 1847 by the Ayr company.

In 1850 the Ayr company became a founder of the Glasgow and South Western Railway and 1851 the Greenock line was absorbed by the Caledonian Railway.

By the 1850s the station had a two bay platforms to the west for arrivals and two bays to the east, with a loco line between. The goods depot was not longer track served becoming a storehouse.

By the 1860s the site was considered too small. The G&SW decided to build a new station at Glasgow St Enoch and one of the promoters of the City of Glasgow Union Railway which opened to a temporary terminus in 1870.

A further two bay platforms were provided on the west side in the 1870s, probably using the former land of the goods depot All platforms were extended one street block south.

In 1879 the lines from Muirhouse South Junction (Strathbungo) and Central Station Junction (Gushetfaulds) reached the station - serving only the two existing bay platforms at the east side. These were used for a short period until the bridge over the Clyde opened, then becoming through lines to the new Glasgow Central on the north bank. The four platforms on the west side remained bay platforms and were only served by the Paisley route. The trainshed was removed and a new all-over glass roof similar to that later build at Glasgow Central provided over the bays, the through platforms being canopied.

The G&SW finally ceased to be a joint owner in 1892. An additional two through platforms were added to the east side. James Miller designed additional buildings, reminiscent of the style of Glasgow Central, alongside the station on Bridge Street, which survive today. This building is nos 36-54 Bridge Street on the east side of the railway, three floors (centre of the building, four to either side) and an attic. Two tablets are on either side, one with 1890 and the other with the Lion Rampant, symbol of Scotland and adopted by the Caledonian. At track level the building is two storeys and attic. The bricked up former entrances onto the platform can still be seen.

In 1904 Glasgow Central was enlarged and Bridge Street closed in 1905, the platforms and overall roof being removed. The second bridge over the Clyde approaching Central passes through the site of the bay platforms on the west side.

The original station building, the Station House, was demolished in 1971.

A secondary building by James Miller dating from the 1879 expansion (building added 1888) when the Gordon Street Lines opened to Glasgow Central still stands a little to the south of the original station building. This is on the east side of the former station, at 36-54 Bridge Street located between Oxford Street (to the north) and Norfolk Street (south). The building contained a booking hall, stairs to a subway linking the platforms, stationmaster's room and lift. It is no longer in railway use.

Generally entrances and booking offices were on the east side of the station, this is because Glasgow Bridge directly linked the east side over the Clyde to Glasgow (the King George V Bridge dates from 1928).

Tags

Terminus station

External links

Canmore site record
NLS Collection OS map of 1892-1914
NLS Collection OS map of 1944-67
NLS Map
NLS Map
NLS Map

Facilities

Listing: B




Nearby stations
Bridge Street [Subway]
Central Station Broomielaw Hoist
St Enoch [Subway]
Glasgow St Enoch
Glasgow Central Low Level
West Street [Subway]
West Street
Cumberland Street
Glasgow Central
Dunlop Street
Main Street Gorbals
Gorbals
Argyle Street
South Side [GB and NDR]
Eglinton Street
Clyde Place Signal Box
Clyde Place Quay
Clyde Viaduct [Glasgow Central]
Clyde Viaduct [Glasgow Central] [1st]
Broomielaw Quay
Windmillcroft Quay
Bridge Street Junction
Bridge Street Junction [South]
Cook Street Shed
Glasgow Central Power Box
Cook Street Goods
Windmillcroft Quay
Salkeld Street Parcels Depot
Kingston Dock
Tourist/other
St Enoch Shopping Centre
Location names in dark blue are on the same original line.


Windmill by the River Clyde


Bridge Street station was built on the site of the Windmill for which Windmillcroft Quay was named.


Bridge Street


The Glasgow terminus of the line to Greenock was built with its main entrance on Bridge Street (the east side of the station). Bridge Street runs from Glasgow Bridge south becoming Eglinton Street and meeting Pollokshaw Road at Gushetfaulds. Going north the road crosses over the River Clyde by Glasgow Bridge to become Jamaica Street in Glasgow.


Dates

14/07/1840Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
Temporary Bridge Street terminus station, Glasgow, opened.
12/08/1840Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
Alternative date for the opening of the Glasgow terminus at Bridge Street.
06/04/1841Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
Bridge Street station, on the south side of the River Clyde, opened. It served the Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway.
  /  /1843Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway
Glasgow Bridge Street to Kilmarnock [1st] opened throughout.
12/08/1843Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway
Glasgow Bridge Street to Ayr [1st] opened throughout.
01/09/1869Greenock and Ayrshire Railway
Line opened. The Glasgow and South Western Railway run services from Glasgow Bridge Street to Greenock Princes Pier (at Greenock Albert Harbour) via Kilmacolm.
12/12/1870City of Glasgow Union Railway
Opened between Pollok Junction (on the Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway) and the new temporary four platform terminus at Dunlop Street (replaced by Glasgow St Enoch). Glasgow and South Western Railway main line services start to use the new station, local services continue to use Bridge Street. Stations opened at Shields Road [CGU] (interchange with Pollokshields) and Dunlop Street.
  /  /1875Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Authorisation to expand and alter the existing Bridge Street station, largely in connection with the opening of Glasgow Central. Original proposed route of Gordon Street Lines abandoned.
01/10/1878Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Original bridge across the Clyde from Bridge Street to Glasgow Central completed, Clyde Viaduct [Glasgow Central] [1st].
14/10/1878Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Connection at Bridge Street opened - related to the opening of Glasgow Central.
01/07/1879Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Glasgow Clyde Place (by Bridge Street) opened.
12/07/1879Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
New portions of Bridge Street opened, in connection with the opening of Glasgow Central.
  /  /1887Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Authorisation to widen the line between Clyde Place (Bridge Street) and Eglinton Street.
21/11/1889Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Glasgow Clyde Place (by Bridge Street) closed.
  /  /1890Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Bridge Street station expanded.
07/07/1890Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Quadrupling of line from Bridge Street to Eglinton Street Junction.
07/07/1890Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Widened Clyde Place (Bridge Street) to Eglinton Street opened.
  /  /1892Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
All of Bridge Street station vested in the Caledonian Railway.
01/02/1892Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
The Caledonian Railway takes over Bridge Street station completely, paying the Glasgow and South Western Railway £129,251 for its share.
01/08/1892Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
Bridge Street station fully taken over by the Caledonian Railway.
  /  /1899Glasgow Central Station (Caledonian Railway)
Authorisation of the enlargement of Glasgow Central and widening of the lines south to Bridge Street along with a new Clyde Viaduct [Glasgow Central].
01/05/1905Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway
Bridge Street closed by Caledonian Railway.

Books


An Illustrated History of Glasgow's Railways