Forth and Clyde Canal

Introduction

This canal runs from Bowling Basin on the River Clyde to the River Carron, near Grangemouth.




Dates

08/03/1768Forth and Clyde Canal
Act receives Royal assent. Canal authorised from Grangemouth to Dalmuir with branches to Bo'ness and Glasgow.
10/06/1768Forth and Clyde Canal
First sod cut by Sir Lawrence Dundas.
  /  /1769Forth and Clyde Canal
Roman house found at Castlecary while searching for construction stones.
  /  /1771Forth and Clyde Canal
Amending Act.
  /08/1771Forth and Clyde Canal
More Roman remains found at Castlecary.
  /  /1773Forth and Clyde Canal
Port established on Canal at Hillhead, Kirkintilloch, as the Aqueduct over the Luggie had not been completed
03/09/1773Forth and Clyde Canal
Water let into the canal from Grangemouth Canal Basin to Kirkintilloch. Port established on Canal at Hillhead, Kirkintilloch, as the Aqueduct over the Luggie had not been completed.
  /  /1775Forth and Clyde Canal
Construction workforce join army (American War of Independence) which delays construction.
10/11/1775Forth and Clyde Canal
Water let into the canal from Kirkintilloch to Stockingfield Junction [Canal].
10/11/1775Forth and Clyde Canal
Water let into the canal from Stockingfield Junction [Canal] to Hamiltonhill Basin.
  /  /1783Forth and Clyde Canal
Track boats TB Glasgow and TB Lady Charlotte operate between Grangemouth and Glasgow for goods and passengers.
  /  /1784Forth and Clyde Canal
An Act authorises that money made from selling forfeited Jacobite estates can be granted to the canal owners.
  /  /1784Forth and Clyde Canal
Amending Act.
06/07/1786Forth and Clyde Canal
Work restarts on extending the canal from Stockingfield Junction [Canal] west to the River Clyde.
  /  /1787Forth and Clyde Canal
Extension to Bowling authorised. Depth of canal to be increased 8ft.
  /  /1789Forth and Clyde Canal
Twin-hull paddle steamer, PS Experiment, tried by William Symington on canal.
  /  /1789William Symington
Trials made of larger prototype steam engine on the Forth and Clyde Canal.
  /  /1790Monkland Canal
Andrew Stirling of Drumpellier (Drumpeller) and William Stirling and Company take over canal and decide to extend it west to the Forth and Clyde Canal in Glasgow and east to Calderbank. Extensions authorised.
31/08/1790Forth and Clyde Canal
Canal opened from Stockingfield Junction [Canal] to Bowling Basin. The sloop Agnes becomes the first vessel to sail from Grangemouth Canal Basin (River Carron by Firth of Forth) to Bowling Basin (Firth of Clyde). Alternative date 28/07/1790.
11/11/1790Forth and Clyde Canal
Hamiltonhill Basin to Port Dundas Basin opened.
  /  /1793Monkland Canal
Forth and Clyde Canal
Monkland Canal and Forth and Clyde Canal joined by a new section of canal at the Blackhill Locks.
  /  /1799Forth and Clyde Canal
Hillend Reservoir built for water supply, thought to be the largest reservoir in the world at the time.
  /  /1802Charlotte Dundas, first practical steamship, on Forth and Clyde Canal
Engine built by William Symington.
  /  /1810Carron Iron Works
Tramway (see Carron Company) to Bainsford Basin on the Forth and Clyde Canal opened, replacing an earlier navigable cut.
  /  /1811Glasgow, Paisley and Ardrossan Canal
Last section built into Port Eglinton Basin, Glasgow. The canal ran from Johnstone to Port Eglinton Basin. An aqueduct across the Clyde to join up with the Forth and Clyde Canal was considered, but not built. (The route between Elderslie and Port Eglinton Basin was later used by the Paisley Canal Line (Glasgow and South Western Railway)).
  /  /1814Forth and Clyde Canal
Authorised to increase depth to 10ft.
  /  /1816Port Dundas Road Waggonway
Port Dundas Road, Glasgow, laid with rails by John Baird of Shotts for the Forth and Clyde Canal from Port Dundas to Glasgow. Replaced the scheme of 1793.
  /  /1830Forth and Clyde Canal
Some canal boats fitted with rails, at the suggestion of Thomas Grahame.
  /  /1830Forth and Clyde Canal
Branch to the Lennoxtown Alum Works proposed, not built.
  /05/1836Forth and Cart Canal
Act passed for the Forth and Cart Canal for a short half mile canal running south from the Forth and Clyde Canal at Clydebank to the River Clyde via a ladder of locks, single midway lock and lower ladder of locks. The canal was to provide a short cut from the Forth and Clyde Canal to Paisley via the River Cart.
  /  /1841Forth and Clyde Canal
Authorisation to build Grangemouth Dock and built a sea wall extending out to the outer buoy at Carron Mouth.
  /  /1841Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Line authorised.
  /  /1843Forth and Clyde Canal
Authorisation to enlarge Hillend Reservoir.
  /  /1843Forth and Clyde Canal
Grangemouth Dock opened.
  /  /1846Monkland CanalForth and Clyde Canal
Monkland Canal authorised to be taken over by the Forth and Clyde Canal.
  /  /1848Andrew Carnegie
Leaves Dunfermline by the Charlestown Railway, Forth paddle-steamer ferry, Forth and Clyde Canal and steamer from Glasgow.
15/07/1850Caledonian and Dumbartonshire Junction Railway
Opened from Balloch [1st] via Dumbarton to Bowling on the River Clyde, and beside the Forth and Clyde Canal. Steamers ran in connection with the line on Loch Lomond and the River Clyde. A turntable is installed to the north west of the Balloch [1st] station.
  /  /1851Drumpeller Railway Forth and Clyde Canal
The Drumpeller Railway is purchased by the Forth and Clyde Canal (not the Monkland Canal with which it connected).
  /  /1857Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company) Stirlingshire Midland Junction Railway
Grangemouth to Falkirk Grahamston line bill. Not authorised.
  /  /1860Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Line opened to minerals. Worked by the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway. (At the time the Carmuirs Curve did not exist and approach from the west was from Larbert.)
  /  /1860Carron Iron Works
Tramway to Bainsford Basin on the Forth and Clyde Canal abandoned after railway opened from Stirlingshire Midland Junction Railway.
  /  /1860William Baird and Company Forth and Clyde Canal Baird's Private Railway
Open mines at Twechar, Twechar Swing Bridge laid across the Forth and Clyde Canal for the private line which ran from Kilsyth to Gartshore Loops on the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway.
  /10/1861Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Line opened to goods.
  /11/1861Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Line opened to passengers.
  /  /1865Twechar Colliery Pit No 1
Opened to the north of the Forth and Clyde Canal by William Baird and Company for ironstone and later coal.
  /  /1867Forth and Clyde Canal Monkland Canal Forth and Cart Canal Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)) Drumpeller Railway Caledonian Railway
Forth and Clyde Canal (Forth and Clyde Navigation) including the Port Dundas branch, Monkland Canal, Forth and Cart Canal and various assets such as the Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)) and Drumpeller Railway, bought by the Caledonian Railway to compete with the North British Railway in the Forth - Clyde Valley. The North British Railway is given running powers over the Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)). Caledonian Railway given running powers over the Stirlingshire Midland Junction Railway to Larbert Junction
  /  /1867Glasgow, Dumbarton and Helensburgh Railway
With the Caledonian Railway's take over of the Forth and Clyde Canal the North British Railway is given running powers over sidings at Bowling Basin, Bowling Basin Sidings [NB].
14/08/1869Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
North British Railway ceases to work the branch with the impeding take over by the Caledonian Railway.
15/08/1869Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Caledonian Railway begins to operate the line.
  /  /1870Stobcross Railway
Act passed. To be worked by the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway with running powers for the Caledonian Railway. The two companies to have separate goods stations. A 30 chain diversion of the Forth and Clyde Canal was required. The line curved round the west of Glasgow after opposition for a more direct route, particularly of James Fleming of Kelvinside Estate.
11/03/1870Forth and Clyde Canal
Alteration to Possil Road authorised. Confirmed by canal owner (Caledonian Railway), Police Commissioners of Glasgow and Glasgow and Kirktintilloch Road Trustees. (Building of new aqueduct.)
  /  /1872Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Railway extended to Grangemouth Old Dock and lines taken to quaysides.
  /  /1873Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Extension to dock (Railway 16) authorised.
  /  /1876Forth and Clyde Iron Works
Founded by lock 16 of the Forth and Clyde Canal.
  /  /1876Forth and Clyde Canal
Caledonian Railway, authorised to dredge the River Carron.
  /  /1876Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
New Dock (Carron Dock) authorised along with lines to the dock. Agreement made with landowner, Lord Zetland. North British Railway to be granted access, on certain terms.
  /  /1877Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Carron Dock construction begins.
  /  /1880Lion Foundry (Kirkintilloch)
Opened, served by both the Forth and Clyde Canal (raw materials) and the Campsie Branch (Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway) (outgoing products).
  /  /1880Forth and Clyde Canal
Deviation of the canal in Maryhill authorised. Agreement with the Glasgow Water Commissioners (Loch Katrine pipe) and Garscube Road Trustees. This was to replace the Maryhill Road Aqueduct with an aqueduct giving more clearance for trams on Maryhill Road. The new structure was further south east.
  /  /1881Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Connecting line from Grangemouth to Larbert authorised (both locations being Caledonian Railway owned). The line may have been a ploy to gain favourable terms for use of the Stirlingshire Midland Junction Railway.
  /  /1881Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Larbert and Grangemouth Connecting Lines Act - regulation of Grangemouth Branch Junction by the Caledonian Railway.
  /  /1881Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company) Stirlingshire Midland Junction Railway
Grangemouth Branch Junction rebuilt with branch doubling. Forth and Clyde Canal sidings at junction modified.
  /  /1882Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Authorisation to buy land for expansion. Boundaries: north of Bo'ness Road and west of the Grange Burn.
  /04/1882Forth and Clyde Canal
Canal burst in Maryhill, during replacement of the Maryhill Road Aqueduct.
03/06/1882Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Line doubled and Carron Dock lines opened.
  /  /1883Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Carron Dock construction complete.
01/08/1883Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company) Stirlingshire Midland Junction Railway
Caledonian Railway granted access to the various industrial sidings by Falkirk Grahamston.
  /09/1883Forth and Clyde Canal
Deviation opened following a canal burst in Maryhill, during replacement of the Maryhill Road Aqueduct.
  /  /1884Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Authorised connecting line from Grangemouth to Larbert abandoned.
  /  /1884Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Proposed Larbert and Grangemouth Connecting Lines abandoned and a new agreement confirmed.
  /  /1886Forth and Clyde Canal
Caledonian Railway granted an extension of time to dredge the River Carron.
01/08/1886Glasgow City and District Railway
Knightswood North Junction to Knightswood South Junction opened. The section included a tunnel under the Forth and Clyde Canal and Glasgow, Dumbarton and Helensburgh Railway.
  /  /1889Forth and Clyde Canal
J&J Hay open a slip dock at Kirkintilloch for repairs to Puffers by their boatyard.
  /  /1891Glasgow Corporation
Buy Temple Gasworks and link them to Dawsholm Gas Works with a tunnel and the Forth and Clyde Canal.
  /  /1891Forth and Clyde Canal
Caledonian Railway granted a further extension of time to dredge the River Carron.
  /  /1893Glasgow, Yoker and Clydebank Railway
Extension to Dalmuir authorised, along with deviation of a portion of the Forth and Clyde Canal.
  /  /1896Forth and Clyde Canal
Caledonian Railway granted a further extension of time to dredge the River Carron.
  /  /1897Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
New Dock and entrance channel authorised for the Caledonian Railway. This will be the Grange Dock, linked to the existing Carron Dock by the Grangemouth Western Channel and itself approached by the Grangemouth Eastern Channel. (The North British Railway is granted running powers.)
  /  /1901Forth and Clyde Canal
Caledonian Railway granted a further extension of time to dredge the River Carron.
  /  /1903Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Further time granted to complete Grange Dock.
12/09/1904Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
New lines at the Grange Dock opened.
01/10/1904Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
The first vessel enters the Grange Dock. (The 1891 SS Corunna of Donald Currie and Co, Leith.)
02/04/1906Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Grange Dock opened to shipment of coal.
08/10/1906Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Grangemouth Eastern Channel opened. First vessel enters (the Norwegian RMS Norway). With the opening of the dock and Grangemouth Eastern Channel the Caledonian Railway was able to cease dredging the River Carron.
18/02/1913Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Grangemouth]town goods shed authorised (north east of Grangemouth station, across Station Road and Dock Road).
25/11/1914Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
All Grangemouth Docks closed due to the outbreak of the Great War.
  /  /1915Forth and Clyde Canal Dumbarton Burgh and County Tramways
Bascule Bridge at Kilbowie Road replaced with steel bridge to allow trams to run.
01/10/1918Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Entrance lock to Grangemouth Old Dock converted into dry dock by stopping up seaward end.
  /  /1931Sir William Arrol and Company
Build the rolling bridge at Temple over the Forth and Clyde Canal.
01/01/1948Forth and Clyde Canal British Transport Commission
British Transport Commission take over the Forth and Clyde Canal.
  /  /1961Forth and Clyde Canal
J&J Hay's slip at Kirkintilloch closed to boat maintenance.
  /  /1962Forth and Clyde Canal British Waterways Board
Forth and Clyde Canal transferred to British Waterways Board.
  /  /1962Forth and Clyde Canal
Twechar Swing Bridge, at 90 degrees to the canal, closed.
13/10/1962Forth and Clyde Canal
Glasgow University Railway Society charter Ashton for a trip along the canal
01/01/1963Forth and Clyde Canal
Canal closed.
29/01/1968Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Grangemouth to Falkirk Grahamston (Grangemouth Junction) closed to passengers.
  /03/1997Grangemouth Railway (Forth and Clyde Canal Company)
Grangemouth Docks to Fouldubs Junction re-opened to freight.