Longridge to Bathgate (Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway)

Introduction

This 1850 extension of the Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway (1845) to the Edinburgh and Bathgate Railway (1849) from Longridge to Bathgate left both Bathgate [1st] and Longridge [1st] stations on short branches.

Bathgate Upper was to open later (1880).

Why built

This extension was first considered by the Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway in 1849, it was a logical extension there being much coal in the Torbane and Bathgate areas and the Edinburgh and Bathgate Railway had just opened. This extension would make the line a constituent in an alternative Edinburgh to Glasgow route.

The Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway was merged with the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway in 1849.

The extension line was built by the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway who had no physical connection.

This purchase had consolidated the E&G position in the area by blocking the Caledonian Railway from buying the line and creating a short Edinburgh to Glasgow route. This new line connected their Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway purchase to nearby friendly lines.






Portions of line and locations

This line is divided into a number of portions.


Longridge to Bathgate

This was the main portion of the line.

This was a short lived replacement for Longridge [1st], just to the south, the original terminus of the Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway.
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This was a single platform station, the stone built platform on the north side of the line on the west side of a level crossing, and with a goods yard to the south, approached from the west. A stone station building stood on the platform.
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Looking west over the site of Bents station on the Longridge to Bathgate extension of the Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway built by the ...
Ewan Crawford 03/05/1997
1 of 1 images.


This junction was immediately south of the level crossing by the former Foulshiels station. There was a long passing loop on the main route running south from the junction, accommodated by the line here having been prepared for two tracks, and a short passing loop on the branch line.
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See also
Addiewell Branch (North British Railway)


This short lived station had a single platform on the east side of the line. It was just to the north of a level crossing close to West Foulshiels farm.
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This station had a brick built station building on the platform. The platform was on the west side of a loop, the line being single track to north and south. There were sidings on either side, approached from the south.
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The site of Whitburn station, looking south in May 1997. The station was located at East Whitburn. See image 44781 for a view of the bridge from ...
Ewan Crawford 03/05/1997
Whitburn station lost its passenger service as long ago as 1930, although the line continued to handle freight well into the 1960s. The trackbed is ...
John Furnevel 23/09/2013
2 of 2 images.


This was a shale oil works. Paraffin was distilled here from coal and oil shale, the process invented and patented by the chemist James Young. The works was opened with Edward Meldrum and Edward William Binney as E.W. Binney & Co. in 1851. The process was perfected by 1856.
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The original trackbed here was built for two lines by the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway extending the Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway from Longridge [1st] to Bathgate East Junction [1st]. The eastbound only was laid at opening.
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This was a four way junction in the west of Bathgate. Today the location is a double track electrified railway with no junction.
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See also
Torbanehill and Bathgate Branch (Monkland Railways)
A train from Milngavie has just passed the site of Polkemmet Junction on the western approach to Bathgate station on 19 December 2019. The former ...
John Furnevel 19/12/2019
Rumours of a treasure wagon buried somewhere in Bathgate during the A to B ground investigation had spurred this gold digger to take up his iron pinch ...
Charlie Niven 01/04/2008
View east over Whitburn Road, Bathgate, in July 2008, showing Boghead Bridge carrying the trackbed of the closed Airdrie - Bathgate route, with the ...
John Furnevel 31/07/2008
Pouring metal sculpture just to the west of the former triangular junction at Bathgate on the Airdrie and Morningside (Lanarks) routes. View looks to ...
Ewan Crawford 26/12/2008
4 of 21 images. more


This was a two platform through station built on a curve in the south of Bathgate. The main station building was on the eastbound platform. The building had a large canopy. Opposite was a NB style waiting room.
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See also
Bathgate Loop (North British Railway)
In January 1965, J36 0-6-0 65243 'Maude' pauses for water from the column at the closed Bathgate Upper station, whilst on the way to the nearby ...
Robin McGregor 08/01/1965
Having taken water at the closed Bathgate Upper station, J36 65243 'Maude' sets off towards Bathgate yard with a trainload of coal from a local ...
Robin McGregor 08/01/1965
An Edinburgh - Milngavie train seen shortly after leaving Bathgate station in May 2015. The train is on the long curve west towards Armadale skirting ...
John Furnevel 15/05/2015
NB 256 Glen Douglas photographed at Bathgate on 30 March 1964 with the SLS Scottish Rambler no 3 during a water stop on its way to ...
John Robin 30/03/1964
4 of 34 images. more


This junction was created in 1850 when the 1849 Edinburgh and Bathgate Railway was met by the Longridge to Bathgate (Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway) line just east of Bathgate [1st] station. The connection faced Edinburgh, allowing goods and minerals to run through whereas passenger trains would need to reverse to reach Bathgate station.
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See also
Edinburgh and Bathgate Railway
An Edinburgh service approaches Bathgate on 18 June 2019. ...
David Panton 18/06/2019
An afternoon train for Newcraighall via Waverley leaving the single line terminus at Bathgate during heavy rain on 19 August 2008. To the right of the ...
John Furnevel 19/08/2008
The view from the end of the platform of the 1986 Bathgate terminus on 12 October 2010, belying the fact that the station has only days to go before ...
John Furnevel 12/10/2010
334025 approaching Bathgate on 22 February with the 10.57 from Milngavie to Edinburgh Waverley. ...
Bill Roberton 22/02/2014
4 of 24 images. more





Whitrigg Colliery Branch

This ran from south of Whitburn station to the Whitrigg Colliery.

This station had a brick built station building on the platform. The platform was on the west side of a loop, the line being single track to north and south. There were sidings on either side, approached from the south.
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The site of Whitburn station, looking south in May 1997. The station was located at East Whitburn. See image 44781 for a view of the bridge from ...
Ewan Crawford 03/05/1997
Whitburn station lost its passenger service as long ago as 1930, although the line continued to handle freight well into the 1960s. The trackbed is ...
John Furnevel 23/09/2013
2 of 2 images.







Riddochhill Colliery

This was a two platform through station built on a curve in the south of Bathgate. The main station building was on the eastbound platform. The building had a large canopy. Opposite was a NB style waiting room.
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See also
Bathgate Loop (North British Railway)
In January 1965, J36 0-6-0 65243 'Maude' pauses for water from the column at the closed Bathgate Upper station, whilst on the way to the nearby ...
Robin McGregor 08/01/1965
Having taken water at the closed Bathgate Upper station, J36 65243 'Maude' sets off towards Bathgate yard with a trainload of coal from a local ...
Robin McGregor 08/01/1965
An Edinburgh - Milngavie train seen shortly after leaving Bathgate station in May 2015. The train is on the long curve west towards Armadale skirting ...
John Furnevel 15/05/2015
NB 256 Glen Douglas photographed at Bathgate on 30 March 1964 with the SLS Scottish Rambler no 3 during a water stop on its way to ...
John Robin 30/03/1964
4 of 34 images. more


This foundry was operated by the North British Steel Foundry Ltd, associated with the Menzies family. It was opened in 1907 and made track components for the railway industry.
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