Calderbank Steel Works

Location type


Names and dates

Calderbank Iron Works (1835-1887)
Calderbank Steel Works (1890-1930)

Served by the Calderbank Iron Company.


This iron works was located to the south east of Whifflet, close to the end of the Monkland Canal (1794), the Legbrannock Railway (and its successors) and the Calderbank branch of the Monkland Railways (1855).

This was a malleable iron works making rails and plates. 6 blast furnaces (including two old square ones?) were built on a south west to north east alignment. The charging side was to the north west., approached by a fan of lines from the north. Between the furnaces and North Calder Water were the casting and rolling sheds.

It closed in 1887 and reopened as a purpose built steel works by James Dunlop & Co Ltd. The North Calder Water was culverted under the north end of the works. Plate from the works was used for the RMS Queen Mary, built by John Brown & Company over 1930-.1934

The works was taken over by Colvilles Ltd. Closure came in 1930 during a restructuring brought on by the depression.


Iron works steel works

External links

Canmore site record
NLS Collection OS map of 1892-1914
NLS Collection OS map of 1944-67


  /11/1855Calderbank Iron Works Branch (Monkland Railways)
Opened from Calderbank Junction to Calderbank Iron Works.
  /11/1855Armadale Branch (Monkland Railways)
Line opened. Many mines around Armadale were owned by the Monkland Iron and Steel Company of the Calderbank Iron Works.
  /  /1881Airdrie Branch (Caledonian Railway)
Authorisation for the Airdrie Branch granted - a group of lines called the Lanarkshire Lines. The Airdrie Branch was to run via Whifflet Upper on the Rutherglen and Coatbridge Branch (Caledonian Railway) to Airdrie [CR]. The 'Loop' or 'Lanarkshire Lines' were to run from Airdrie [CR] to Newhouse and beyond, making connection with the existing mineral lines, Salsburgh Branch (Caledonian Railway), near Omoa. Branches to Chapelhall Iron Works, Calderbank Iron Works and Gartness, serving the Gartness Malleable Iron Works, also authorised.
  /  /1886Airdrie Branch (Caledonian Railway)
The Chapelhall Iron Works closed in 1886, consequently the iron works branch was partly abandoned (retained as a reversing spur for Calderbank Steel Works).
01/09/1887Airdrie Branch (Caledonian Railway)
Cairnhill Junction to Chapelhall opened. Calderbank Iron Works branch opened. Chapelhall Iron Works branch opened (partially - the iron works closed the previous year).