Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway

Introduction

This company was formed to build a line from Abergavenny to Merthyr. Construction had reached from Abergavenny to Brynmaur when the line was bought by the London and North Western Railway who extended it to Merthyr (Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway (London and North Western Railway)) and used it as part of their push into south Wales. Part of the line was built along the course of Bailey's Tramroad.




Dates

  /  /1859Baileys Tramroad
Conveyed to the Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway by J.&C. Bailey (Joseph Bailey and Crawshay Bailey).
01/08/1859Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway
Company incorporated. Backed by Crawshay Bailey of Nantyglo Iron Works, James Hill of Blaenavon Iron Works and Thomas Brown of Ebbw Vale Iron Works. Engineer; John Gardner.
08/11/1861Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway
Agreement reached for lease for 1000 years by the London and North Western Railway.
07/08/1862Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway
Lease agreement with London and North Western Railway confirmed by Act.
29/09/1862Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway
Opened from Abergavenny to Brynmawr.
01/10/1862Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway, London and North Western Railway
London and North Western Railway takes possession of the Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway.
  /  /1863Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway
West Midland Railway builds platforms north of the south facing junction with the Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway.
  /  /1866Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway, London and North Western Railway
Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway bought by the London and North Western Railway.
  /  /1867London and North Western Railway
Act for north facing junction at Abergavenny for the Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway.
  /  /1877Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway
Line doubled between Abergavenny and Brynmawr requiring new tunnel bores at Clydach and Gelli Felen.

Portions of line and locations

This line is divided into a number of portions.


Byrnmawr

A short portion of line here did not follow the course of the tramways.






Geli Felen Tunnel

This short portion of line and tunnel replaced tight curves on the older tramway.






Clydach

This station was on a short section of line which used and tunnel and viaduct to replace the older tramway route.






Gilwern to Govilon

A long portion of the line between Gilwern and Govilon did not follow the older tramway route.




Govilon to Abergavenny

Between Govilon and Abergavenny a new portion of line ran east from the tramway terminus at Govilon to Abergavenny, in part following Hill's Tramroad.