London Waterloo

Location type

Major station

Names and dates

London Waterloo Bridge (1848-1882)
London Waterloo (1882-)

Where: London and South East, England
Opened on the Waterloo Extension (London and South Western Railway).


This is a major terminus in London. Officially it is known as London Waterloo.

The terminus is on the south bank of the River Thames, in the Borough of Lambeth. It is named for the nearby Waterloo Bridge.

It has 24 platforms and is the busiest station, when combined with Waterloo East and the underground platforms, not just in Britain but in Europe.

Construction of the station was piecemeal and for many years it was not intended to be a terminus.

In 1994 Waterloo International opened for Channel Tunnel (Eurotunnel) trains and in the process platforms 20 and 21 became part of its platforms 20 to 24. This was opened on the west side of the station. In 2018 these platforms officially became part of the main station.


Station terminus


Waterloo Bridge Waterloo

Chronology Dates

  /  /1848Waterloo Extension (London and South Western Railway)
London and South Western Railway
Extension to London Waterloo opened and Nine Elms [1st] closed. Vauxhaul and London Waterloo opened.
15/07/1988Channel Tunnel
London Waterloo proposed as terminus, with no new high speed route between the tunnel and terminus.
12/12/1988London and South Western Railway
Three trains are involved in crash at Clapham Junction killing 35 and injuring 500 due to a signal failure caused by incorrect wiring. A Poole to London Waterloo and a Basingstoke to Waterloo ran into empty stock. Signalling engineers were found to be working exceptionally long hours in the area.

News items

11/07/2023Network Rail celebrates London Waterloo's 175th anniversary [Network Rail]
19/04/2023Network Rail starts roof renovations to brighten up Britains busiest station [Network Rail]
24/11/2022Britain's most and least-used railway stations revealed [Railways Illustrated]
24/11/2022London Waterloo is top of the stops again, but overall numbers are down on pre-pandemic levels [ORR]
20/11/2018Deep seated problem revealed by Waterloo crash [Rail News]
08/11/2018London Waterloo station recruits hawk after complaints of pigeons stealing food [ITV News]
07/09/2018My, my! Waterloo celebrates 170 years [RAIL]
11/07/2018Waterloo's 170 years old and lays claim to Britain's longest serving railway worker [Network Rail]
06/09/2017South Western Railway brand launched in London [Railway Gazette]
15/08/2017Train derails outside London Waterloo station [BBC News]